HEADLINES:
Turkish Boeing 747 cargo plane crashes in kyrgyzstan with 37 onboard; all killed । Astronaut Gene Cernan, 82, the last man to walk on moon, passes away । India marks Army Day President, Prime Minister and Defence Minister greet the Army । Army Chief Gen Bipin Rawat takes salute at the impressive Army Day Parade । Gen Rawat says India wants peace but if attempts are made to disrupt it, then “we will display our power” । He says emphasis is on newer technology weapons and systems for the Army । Space connectivity is also high on Army’s agenda । This is the 69th Army Day, marking the time when an Indian Chief, Gen KM Cariappa took over the command after Independence । Indian Navy launches its second Kalvari class submarine INS Khanderi in Mumbai । India Strategic wishes all its readers and viewers a very Happy New Year । India successfully test fires Agni 5 long range missile | IAF gets Government approval for one more C 17 strategic Lift aircraft | IAF has got 10 C 17s, but had initially planned for more than 20 | Lack of timely approval made IAF slash figure to three but by then Boeing closed factory | IAF will get the last one in production | Syrian government of President Assad takes full control of Aleppo | Lt Gen Bipin Rawat appointed the next Army Chief and Air Marshal BS Dhanoa the Air Chief | The appointments are effective December 31 afternoon | Both are Vice Chiefs of Staff at present in their respective Services | 48 killed in a PIA ATR-42 aircraft crash in Pakistan | The twin-engine propellor aircraft was on way from Chitral to Islamabad | India marks Navy Day | Prime Minister Narendra Modi greets all Navy personnel, and salutes their bravery on Indian Navy annual day | PM Modi, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani jointly inaugurate Heart of Asia Ministerial Conference at Amritsar (India) Dec 4 | Need of the hour is to identify terrorism and bring stability in the region, says PM Modi | India’s commitment to Afghan is absolute, Mr Modi said addressing 6th HoA Ministerial Conf | Afgan Prez accused Pakistan of sheltering terror, and thanked India of financial aid | HoA Conf began at Amritsar Dec 3 | INS Vikrant likely to be operational in 2018 | Vikrant to operate both Russian MiG-29K and Western origin Aircraft | Indian Navy to mark 2017 as the year of submarine: Adm Lanba | Gujarat-cadre officer Rakesh Asthana to take over as CBI Director after Anil Sinha, who retires Dec 2 | Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa is Pakistan’s new army chief | Gen Bajwa took over from Gen Raheel Sharif Nov 29 | The outgoing chief stressed all should work together “against external and internathreats” | Plane carrying Brazilian football team crashes in Colombia | Cuba’s revolutionary leader Fidel Castro dies. He was 90. | Castro had challenged the US might and invited Soviet presence next door to the US | US-Cuban relations have normalized now after half a century | Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar Commissions INS Chennai into Indian Navy Nov 21 | INS Chennai is a Project 15A Guided Missile Destroyer | This is the 3rd and last ‘Kolkata’ class destroyer indigenously designed by DND and constructed by MDL, Mumbai | India successfully tests nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile in Odisha | India becomes associate member of European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva | Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar inducts four Indigenous Naval Systems | The 4 Indigenous Naval Systems – ABHAY, HUMSA UG, NACS and AIDSS – were indigenously developed by DRDO | These Indigenous Naval Systems will boost underwater surveillance capability of the Indian Navy | India, Japan sign Civil Nuclear Deal | The Deal signed during PM Narendra Modi’s visit to Japan Nov 10-11 | With this Deal, Japan is able to export N-technology to India for peaceful uses | PM Modi calls the Deal “a historic step to build a clean energy partnership between India, Japan” |
January 17, 2017
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Rebuilding American Military Power in the Pacific: A 21st-Century Strategy

Published: October 2013
 
As the title suggests, this is a timely presentation of what is perhaps the foremost issue in the Asia-Pacific region.
By Robbin Laird, Edward Timperlake and Richard WeitzAs the title suggests, this is a timely presentation of what is perhaps the foremost issue in the Asia-Pacific region.The U.S. has been a Pacific power since the end of the 19th century, and the U.S. entered World War II because of Japan not Germany. The U.S.
has been the lynchpin for Pacific defense since the defeat of Japan and has fought two major wars in the Pacific since World War II.
So a Pivot to the Pacific should come as no surprise. However, the dynamics of change in 21st century the Pacific clearly affect the US role and what is expected from it. In addition, new defense technologies and approaches will reshape the entire concept of Pacific defense. The US will shift from its classic projection of power forward into the region to a distributed force structure engaged with allies and seek to be able to provide capabilities enhancing their ability to defend themselves and their interests.

Clearly a key factor is the rise of the China as an economic, political and military power and that has global significance. The Chinese military is in the throes from benefiting for worldwide arms transfers, global engagements and operations from the Indian Ocean, African and other global locations.One can argue that this is the beginning rather than the highpoint of Chinese global reach, but global reach it is and a Pivot to the Pacific
(the term coined by President Obama) alone would be an inadequate global response to the rise of the Peolple’s Republic of China.
There is also the devilish rise of terrorism from the territories of Afghanistan and Pakistan, mandating 13 long years of US involvement in the Af-Pak region so far. No country welcomes terrorism and, yet, the U.S. is virtually fighting the terrorists by itself in the neighbouring Indian Ocean.

It is important to understand the role of key Pacific powers in the changing Pacific defense dynamic. The Pivot to the Pacific is not ABOUT the United States; it is about a new Pacific defense context INVOLVING the United States. It is about the Second Nuclear Age and the role of North Korea and China. It is about conflicts among key players
in the Pacific maritime region. It is about the shift of China away from a primary “soft power” play to something more threatening to the interests of a number of Pacific powers.

Any U.S. Pivot to the Pacific is occurring in a shifting global context, and not one dominated by the United States. The so-called U.S. pivot to the Pacific really is a response to pressures from US allies. Japan, South Korea, Singapore and Australia among others feel the pressure from the Chinese and have placed demands on the U.S.
to respond. All of these allies are buying the F-35 and many have Aegis missile defense systems, the same missiles being deployed by the Obama Administration in Europe.

Japan is the key ally for the U.S. in dealing with Pacific defense. Indeed, the PRC is driving the two greatest maritime powers of the 20th century into a reinforced alliance.

In the recent meetings with Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, the Japanese highlighted that new F-35s, P-8 maritime patrol aircraft and Global Hawk long-range reconnaissance UAVs would be deployed to Japan. Indeed, by 2020 it is planned to have 5 squadrons of F-35s deployed to Japan, two with the USMC, two with the USAF and one by the Japanese
Air Force.

For the United States, the pivot also involves shifts in forces. Notably, the USMC is moving from parts of Japan to Guam and will forward operate from Australia as well. It is also working with the Philippines and Australia to build a light footprint force in the region. This is facilitated by the contributions of the new USMC aircraft,
the Boeing Osprey, that can fly rapidly and at significant range. It can be refueled in flight and is being converted to a refueling platform as well.

Shaping a new military strategy around supporting the allies who are always forward deployed with new collaborative systems, such as the F-35, which can support distributed operations, is a key aspect of forging a 21st century strategy for the US military.

By leveraging the new platforms which are C5ISR enabled and linked by the F-35 across the USN, USMC, USAF and allied FLEETS, a new Pacific strategy can be built. And this strategy meets the needs of this century, and the centrality of allied capabilities, not as in the last decade where the U.S. pushed power forward as needed, or rooted
in the defense of South Korea.

A key aspect of the pivot is how the U.S. can play a balancing role.

Although some may see this as about the U.S. confrontation with China, it really is about the projection of power by China in the region and Asian reactions. And in these reactions, U.S. allies are looking to the U.S. for new systems
and capabilities as well.

In other words, the pivot may be the language of President Obama. But the rebuilding of Pacific defense is a reality urged by Asian powers themselves.

This book examines how the U.S. military must rebuild in the wake of Iraq/Afghanistan, and refocus its power projection to face the new challenges emerging in the Pacific and with China. The argument is developed more fully by the authors in this new, interesting book, published by Praeger.

http://www.abc-clio.com/product.aspx?isbn=9781440830457

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