Possible sale of Boeing C-17 aircraft to India approved – Pentagon। President Trump tweets: Look forward to welcoming to India’s PM Modi to White House on Monday. Important strategic issues to discuss with a true friend! । Prime Minister Narendra Modi leaves for three-nation tour to Portugal, US and the Netherlands June 24 । India, Portugal sign MoUs in areas of Space, and Collaborative Research । Agreements signed during PM Modi’s first leg visit of the three-nation tour । US clears sale of 22 General Atomics Sea Guardian drones for Indian Navy । Deal likely to be announced during PM Modi’s visit to Washington June 26 । These unmanned, or Remotely Piloted, Aircraft will be used for ISR Missions in Indian Ocean । The G-to-G deal, under the US FMS program, should be around $2 Billion । India launches Cartosat-2 along with 30 other satellites June 23 । PSLV-C38, the 40th flight of PSLV, carrying 31 satellites took off from first launch pad of SDSC Sriharikota । President Mukherjee, PM Modi and the Defence Minister congratulated ISRO and its scientists for the successful launch । Lockheed Martin, Tata announce F16 India Partnership । Partnership aims to produce F16 Block 70 in India if selected by IAF । GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS) orders 100 A320neo aircraft । Paris Air Show 2017 opens at Le Bourget, France June 19 । Chairman COSC and CNS Admiral Sunil Lanba on a visit to Isreal। India, Pakistan become full member of SCO। India’s entry into SCO was backed by Russia, and Pakistan’s membership by China। PM Modi calls on Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of SCO। He also thanked the Chinese President for supporting India’s entry into SCO। Prime Minister Narendra Modi exchange greetings with Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif in the Leader’s Lounge before the SCO concert in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan। It was the first time the two had met in nearly a year, during which period bilateral relations have deteriorated। PM Modi greeted his Pakistani counterpart and asked about PM Sharif’s health and about the health of his mother । Prime Minister Narendra Modi departs for 2-day visit to Astana, Kazakhstan to attend SCO Summit । India to be admitted as full member of SCO during the Summit । India signed Paris climate pact for its commitment towards protecting the environment, says EAM Sushma Swaraj । The EAM said this during MEA’s annual conference in New Delhi June 5 । It did not sign the pact of any greed or fear from any country: EAM । Ms Swaraj was rebutting US President Trump’s allegation saying India signed the deal to receive billions of foreign aid । India successfully launches communication satellite GSAT 19 June 5 । The heaviest ever rocket GSLV Mk III carrying GSAT 19 lifted off from SDSC (SHAR) Sriharikota । Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and UAE cut diplomatic ties to Qatar । The 4 Gulf nations took the step following Qatar’s relations with Iran and support of Islamist groups। They also cut off its land, sea and air routes to the outside world । Libya, Yemen also joined the four Arab nations in snapping ties with Qatar । India, Russia sign pact for two nuclear power units at Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu । INS Kalvari, the Indian Navy’s first Scorpene class submarine, will be battle ready from Day One, French collaborator DCNS announced June 1 । Kalvari, meaning shark, will be commissioned in July । Kalvari is the first of the six modern submarines ordered by the Indian Navy । Indian Navy is looking at 200 ships and 400 aircraft, all with hitech systems । Vice Adm Karambir Singh also told a seminar on Future Indian Navy that poor quality systems are not acceptable । Indian shipyards are building 40 ships at present । PM Modi reaches St. Petersburg in the 3rd leg of his 4-nation visit । He is to participate in 18th India Russia Annual Summit and SPIEF 2017 । India, Spain sign 7 agreements including one each on Cyber Security and Civil Aviation । Naval Chief Adm Sunil Lanba calls for cutting edge technologies with a Made in India stamp । Addressing a seminar on Building India’s Future Navy, he said ToT from foreign vendors would be say now with Strategic Partnership model । Adm Lanba said selection process for shipboard fighter is moving at desired pace and they should be inducted in about 5 years । About 80 killed, several injured in a bomb blast near Indian embassy in Kabul । Indian embassy staff were safe: MEA । PM reached Madrid on the second leg of his tour for a day- long visit to Spain May 31 । India, Germany sign 11 MoUs including one on Cyber Security । MoUs signed during Prime Minister Modi’s 2-day Germany visit on May 29-30 । We are made for each-other, says PM Modi on India-Germany ties । The Prime Minister is on 4-nation tour of Germany, Spain, Russia and France from May 29-June 3 । India’s distinguished police officer, Mr KPS Gill passed away at 82 । Hassan Rouhani re-elected Iranian President । Prime Minister Modi congratulated him on his re-election । India, Palestine sign 5 MoUs including one on visa exemption for diplomatic passport holder । Agreements were signed after Prime Minister Modi’s meeting with President Abbas May 16 । Palestine President Mahmoud Abbas is on 4-day State visit to India beginning May 14 । Abbas is visiting India on the invitation of President Pranab Mukherjee । This is the fifth visit and the third State visit of President Abbas to India । Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrives in Colombo May 11 on his two-day visit to Sri Lanka । He was received by his Sri Lankan counterpart Ranil Wickramsinghe on his arrival at the Colombo airport । PM Modi is the chief guest at the International Vesak Day celebrations of Sri Lanka । India marks 19th National Technology Day । National Technology Day is marked to commemorate the anniversary of Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998 । On this day, Prime Minister Modi hails the then PM Vajpayee’s courage to conduct the nuclear tests । India launches GSAT-9 satetllite from Sriharikota । India to make Israeli rifles and small arms । Punj Lloyd and Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) collaborating in the venture । Trump to visit Israel and Saudi Arabia this month । This will be his first foreign visit as US President । India, Turkey signed three agreements including one between the Foreign Services Institute of India and the Diplomacy Academy of Turkey । Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdogan calls on President Mukherjee, Vice President Ansari, PM Modi and EAM Sushma Swaraj during his State visit to India । The Turkish President, visiting from April 30-May 1, backs India in fight against terrorism । Turkey conveyed its support for India’s bid for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) । PM Modi expressed his gratitude on Turkey’s support । Indian Army celebrates 79th Armour Day । On 1 May 1938, Scinde Horse cavalry regiment was equipped with Vickers tanks and Chevrolet armoire cars । The Indian Army’s Armourerd Corps has played decisive role against Pakistani intruders in 1947, 1965 and 1971। India, Cyprus sign 4 agreements including one on Air Service Agreement । Agreements signed during Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades’s visit to India April 28 । Cyprus President called on President Mukherjee, Prime Minister Modi and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj in New Delhi । The visiting President and PM Modi agreed on urgent need for all countries to decisively act against the states supporting factories of terrorism । PM Modi also thanked the Cyprus President for his support to India’s claim of Permanent Membership in UNSC । North Korea test fires a ballistic missile which landed in the Sea of Japan । India, Sri Lanka ink pacts on economic cooperation and road infrastructure development । The agreements signed during Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe’s visit to India । Prime Minister Modi, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj called on him । Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar accompanied Sushma Swaraj when the latter called on the visiting Sri Lankan PM । India-Russia defence engagement will continue to grow, says Defence Minister Arun Jaitley । He was speaking at the 6th Moscow Conference on International Security in Moscow । India, Russia are celebrating 70 years of Diplomatic Relationship । China launches its first indigenous aircraft carrier । The new carrier will accommodate 36 aircraft and will be commissioned in 2020 after sea trials । It’s a 50000 ton platform with a ski jump deck modeled on Soviet carriers but has many design innovations । India, South Korea Sign Inter-Governmental MoU for Defence Industry Co-Operation in Shipbuilding । The MoU signed by Secretary (Defence Production), India, Ashok Kumar Gupta and Minister of Defence Acquisition and Programme Administration (DAPA), South Korea, Chang Myoung-Jin । The Inter-Governmental MoU was conceived under the overall umbrella of the ‘Special Strategic Partnership’ between both countries । The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) accorded its approval for signing the MoU । The CCS also gave a go ahead for nominating Hindustan Shipyard Ltd, Visakhapatnam for collaboration । Indian Navy successfully test-fires land attack version of Brahmos supersonic cruise missile । Nepal President Bidya Devi Bhandari calls on President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Home Minister and Defence Minister in New Delhi Apr 18 । Nepalese President is on a State visit to India April 17-21 । This is her first ever visit to India since taking over in 2015 । She was given a ceremonial Guard of Honour on her arrival at Rashtrapati Bhawan । Canada’s Minister of National Defence, Harjit Singh Sajjan, called on Defence Minister Arun Jaitley Tuesday । He was presented a Tri-Services Guard of Honour on his arrival at South Block । 12 killed in Saudi military helicopter in Yemen । Unconfined reports say the Blackhawk was accidentally shot down by a Saudi Patriot missile। US NSA Gen HR McMaster meets Prime Minister Modi in New Delhi । Gen McMaster also exchanged views on Indo-US relations with Indian counterpart Ajit Doval and Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar । Happy Easter । US drops its biggest 21,000 pound bomb on ISIS in Afghanistan April 13 । Designated GBU 43, the Mother of All Bombs is designed to hit deep caves and tunnels in hardy mountains । GBU 43 is the biggest non-nuclear bomb, carried by the US Air Force (USAF) and the British Royal Air Force (RAF) । White House Press Secretyary Sean Spricer confirmed the night bombing but there was no immediate word from Taliban । Spicer said the ISIS terroists were targeted as they used the caves and tunnels to hit the US forces । GBU 43 is a concussion bomb carrying an explosive charge of 8,500 kg, equal to 11 tons of TNT । India, Australia sign 6 MoUs including on Combating Terrorism and Civil Aviation Security । Agreements signed during Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull’s Visit to India April 10 । He calls on President Pranab Mukherjee, Vice President Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Narendra Modi । This is the first ever visit of Turnbull after taking over as Australian PM in 2015 । The Australian PM along with his Indian counterpart took a Delhi metro ride to visit city-based Akshardham Temple । India, Bangladesh signed 22 agreements April 8 including key pacts on defence cooperation and civil nuclear cooperation । India announced an additional $4.5-billion concessional line of credit for infrastructure projects in Bangladesh, and another $500 million for Dhaka to procure defence equipment from New Delhi । A joint India-Bangladesh event saw both PMs honour the 1,661 Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the 1971 war for Bangladesh’s independence । Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina arrives in New Delhi for 4-day State visit to India । Prime Minister Modi himself goes to the airport to greet the Bangladesh PM on her arrival । External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj calls on Sheikh Hasina at Rashtrapati Bhawan । She is the special guest of President Pranab Mukherjee during her State visit to India । The Bangladesh PM has a full day of bilateral discussions with her Indian counterpart on Saturday (April 8) । 20 agreements are expected to be signed between India and Bangladesh । India, Malaysia sign 7 agreements । The agreements signed during Malaysian PM Najib Razak’s visit to India from March 30 to April 4 । Malaysian PM calls on President Pranab Mukherjee, Vice President Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Narendra Modi । India and Malaysia joint statement, issued after Modi, Razak meeting, calls for a deeper ties between the two nations ।
June 27, 2017
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India, Japan sign civil nuclear cooperation deal during PM’s Japan visit

Nilova Roy Chaudhury Published: November 2016

pm_narendra_modi_with_shinzo_abe The India-Japan civil nuclear cooperation agreement, in the works for over six years, was finally signed during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Japan on November 11 and 12, for the annual prime ministerial summit with Japan, a key feature of the India-Japan Special Strategic and Global Partnership. The Japan-India Nuclear Civil Agreement (NCA) opens, in theory, the way for the construction of six Westinghouse/ Toshiba AP1000 reactors at Mithivirdi, in the state of Gujarat.

While basic parameters of the long-awaited civil nuclear deal were agreed upon by the two Prime Ministers in 2015, the final concessions were made barely hours before Mr Modi reached Tokyo.

Sources told India Strategic that the agreement is “broadly the same” as the civil nuclear agreements India has with other countries, including the landmark Indo-US civil nuclear deal of 2008. However, India had made concessions, taking into account “Japan’s Special sensitivities”, as the only country ever to have suffered a nuclear attack.

“It follows the same template, but compresses the developments which have taken place since 2007,” a source said. “It reflects commitments which were made at the time of the NSG (Nuclear Suppliers Group) waiver in 2008, many of which were unilateral in nature (including not conducting further nuclear tests),” said the sources.

“The termination clause is there in other NCAs we have signed, including with the US (Article 14). However, the circumstances triggering a possible termination are never sharply defined,” the source told India Strategic, responding to a specific question about whether India had agreed to a “nullification clause”.


“Consideration has to be given to mitigating factors. Given Japan’s special sensitivities as the only nation to have suffered a nuclear attack, it was felt that their views should be recorded in a separate note,” sources said, adding that “no additional commitments have been made by India.”

The Note is a record, being kept by the negotiators of their respective views.

“It states what could be Japan’s views in advance, on what is a hypothetical situation (India conducting a nuclear test); that is their national prerogative,” sources said. “At the same time, it also records India’s position on the same issue, which is a reiteration of the September 2008 commitments (for the NSG waiver). No change is envisaged from those commitments,” sources reiterated.

The joint document signed by the two countries lays down a roadmap for bilateral cooperation in the field of nuclear energy. “This would provide for the development of nuclear power projects in India and thus strengthening of energy security of the country. The present agreement would open up the door for collaboration between Indian and Japanese industries in our Civil Nuclear programme,” it says.

However, getting signatures on the dotted line was not easy. There were several questions and concerns that delayed the agreement, some of which remain. Policy-makers and parliamentarians in Japan argued that a nuclear agreement with India, a non-signatory to the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), would undermine the nuclear regime.

Addressing those concerns, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said, “This agreement is a legal framework that India will act responsibly in peaceful uses of nuclear energy and also in the non-proliferation regime, even though India is not a participant or signatory of the NPT. It (the agreement) is in line with Japan’s ambition to create a world without nuclear weapons,” Prime Minister Abe said.

Defence cooperation and maritime security was another key issue addressed.

A joint statement issued after the talks between the two delegations stressed the role of India and Japan for stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region, with the two Prime Ministers reiterating the need to further consolidate their security and defence cooperation.

“They welcomed the entry into force of the two Defence Framework Agreements concerning the Transfer of Defence Equipment and Technology and concerning Security Measures for the Protection of Classified Military Information. They underscored the need to further expand defence engagement through greater two-way collaboration and technology cooperation, co-development and co-production, by expediting discussions for determining specific items including through the Joint Working Group on Defence Equipment and Technology Cooperation,” the joint statement said.
“The two Prime Ministers appreciated the successful Annual Defence Ministerial Dialogue held in New Delhi, Japan’s regular participation in the Malabar Exercise and the International Fleet Review off the coast of Vishakapatnam. They reaffirmed their desire to further deepen bilateral security and defence dialogues, through the “2+2” Dialogue, Defence Policy Dialogue, Military-to-Military Talks and Coast Guard-to-Coast Guard co-operation,” the joint statement said.

With the inaugural air force staff talks held earlier this year, both countries now have institutional wide ranging dialogue mechanism in place covering all three services. The two Prime Ministers plan to expand dialogue and cooperation in the defence sector to cover exchange of observers in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HA/DR) exercises, and exchange and training of personnel in other fields.

While there was no deal on the purchase of the US-2i ‘ShinMaywa’ search and rescue aircraft, “Prime Minister Modi conveyed his appreciation for Japan’s readiness to provide its state of the art defence platforms such as US-2 amphibian aircraft. It symbolises the high degree of trust between the two countries and the distance that Japan and India have covered in advancing their bilateral defence exchanges,” the statement said.


In what will definitely not be welcomed by China, “the two Prime Ministers underscored the rising importance of the Indo-Pacific region as the key driver for the prosperity of the world. They stressed the core values of democracy, peace, the rule of law, tolerance, and respect for the environment in realising pluralistic and inclusive growth of the region. In this context, Prime Minister Abe appreciated Prime Minister Modi’s active engagement in the region under the “Act East Policy,” and briefed Prime Minister Modi on the “Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy.” Prime Minister Modi appreciated Japan’s greater engagement in the region under this strategy. They recognised the potential for deeper bilateral cooperation and synergy between the said policy and strategy,” the joint statement said. “They further stressed that improving connectivity between Asia and Africa, through realising a free and open Indo-Pacific region, is vital to achieving prosperity of the entire region. They decided to seek synergy between India’s “Act East” Policy and Japan’s “Expanded Partnership for Quality Infrastructure,” by closely coordinating, bilaterally and with other partners, for better regional integration and improved connectivity as well as industrial networks based on the principles of mutual consultation and trust.”

Japan’s National Security Advisor Shotaro Yachi visited India November 5 for bilateral consultations with India’s National Security Advisor Ajit Doval, during which they firmed up the agenda for the Indian Prime Minister’s visit and discussed India’s renewed interest in buying the US-2i ShinMaywa amphibious search-and-rescue (SAR) aircraft from Japan.

India has been keen to acquire a dozen of these marine reconnaissance aircraft but, despite five years of negotiations, some details of pricing need to be worked out before the billion dollar plus deal can be finalised. Beijing is sure to be closely watching the outcome of the Indian Prime Minister’s visit to Tokyo. It has already objected to reported Japanese offers to lower the sale price for India, calling it “disgraceful.”

During their discussions, the two NSAs shared a view that “the Special Strategic and Global Partnership between India and Japan, that was agreed to during the visit of Prime Minister Modi to Japan in August-September 2014, is a key partnership for promoting peace, prosperity and development in the region and the world. Their discussions, which were centred on important issues covering bilateral, regional and global dimensions, helped to further underscore the commonalities of views, shared interests and need to promote universal values. NSA Yachi conveyed Japan’s continued commitment to enhance Japan’s engagement with India on regional and global issues,” said a statement issued by the MEA.

Mr Modi had an audience with the Emperor of Japan while in Tokyo for the third Annual Summit meeting between him and PM Abe. Increased collaboration in space and enhanced skills development, and raised Japanese investments in Indian infrastructure, particularly the railways, were among other significant outcomes of the summit.

During PM Modi’s visit in August-September 2014 to Japan, the first bilateral visit outside India’s immediate neighbourhood that PM Modi undertook, the relationship was upgraded to a ‘Special Strategic and Global Partnership’.

Mr Kenji Hiramatsu, Japan’s Ambassador to India, said Japan was looking at some ”concrete” action with India in the realm of maritime security, while he expressed concern over recent developments in the South China Sea (SCS).

China, which lost an international arbitration case over its claims over the SCS, is locked in a series of territorial disputes with Japan and other littoral states including the Philippines and Vietnam and has even taken some aggressive, even hostile measures to bolster its claims.

India and Japan have an established mechanism to discuss maritime issues as they both seek that “the status quo in the maritime domain should not be changed militarily and every nation should follow the international laws of the sea”, Mr Hiramatsu said.

”We are trying to understand the situation. We do not have specific plans at the moment, but eventually we may identify some concrete action,” Mr Hiramatsu said when asked how the maritime mechanism was working.

Japan also wants India to be part of its Indo-Pacific initiative, which Prime Minister Abe articulated at the sixth Tokyo International conference on African Development (TICAD) in August at Nairobi, the first outside Japan since the launch of the initiative in 1993.

”Japan bears the responsibility of fostering the confluence of the Pacific and Indian Oceans and of Asia and Africa into a place that values freedom, the rule of law, and the market economy, free from force or coercion, and making it prosperous,” Mr Abe said at the sixth TICAD in August, spelling out his new diplomatic strategy for the Indo-Pacific Ocean region, to counter Beijing’s aggressive stance in the region.

The Japanese Ambassador said Prime Minister Abe briefed Prime Minister Modi about the Indo-Pacific initiative and sought his views on how to give the initiative shape when they recently met at Laos.

The initiative concerns ways to connect Japan, India and Africa in the maritime space, and how to ensure continuous connectivity and freedom of navigation along trade routes.

”We are concerned over the developments in South China Sea, and the unilateral building activities in islands of the (South China) Sea is not acceptable to us,” Mr Hiramatsu said.

The Indo-Japanese joint statement in December last year, issued after Mr Abe’s visit to India, had mentioned the South China Sea for the first time.

”In view of the critical importance of the sea lanes of communications in the South China Sea for regional energy security and trade and commerce which underpins continued peace and proprietary of the Indo-Pacific, the two Prime Ministers called upon all states to avoid unilateral actions that could lead to tension in the region,” the 2015 statement said.

Both India and Japan have outstanding territorial disputes with China; India along the Line of Actual Control or land boundary with China, while
Tokyo has a dispute with Beijing over islands in the East China Sea.

Tokyo was keen to collaborate with New Delhi on the Chabahar project, which would provide India connectivity to Central Asia via Afghanistan. India, Iran and Afghanistan have already signed an agreement to develop the port town and routes of connectivity. The strategically located Chabahar project in Iran could serve as a strategic option for India as a counterweight to China’s presence at Gwadar in Pakistan’s Balochistan province.

”Chabahar has great strategic importance as it would connect south Asian countries to Central Asia and Turkey through Afghanistan. Japan can certainly help the countries developing the project,” Ambassador Hiramatsu also said.

Every aspect of the Indian Prime Minister’s visit to Japan, a “natural ally” was very closely monitored in Beijing.




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