HEADLINES:
Lockheed Martin, Tata announce F16 India Partnership । Partnership aims to produce F16 Block 70 in India if selected by IAF । GE Capital Aviation Services (GECAS) orders 100 A320neo aircraft । Paris Air Show 2017 opens at Le Bourget, France June 19 । Chairman COSC and CNS Admiral Sunil Lanba on a visit to Isreal। India, Pakistan become full member of SCO। India’s entry into SCO was backed by Russia, and Pakistan’s membership by China। PM Modi calls on Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of SCO। He also thanked the Chinese President for supporting India’s entry into SCO। Prime Minister Narendra Modi exchange greetings with Pakistani PM Nawaz Sharif in the Leader’s Lounge before the SCO concert in Astana, capital of Kazakhstan। It was the first time the two had met in nearly a year, during which period bilateral relations have deteriorated। PM Modi greeted his Pakistani counterpart and asked about PM Sharif’s health and about the health of his mother । Prime Minister Narendra Modi departs for 2-day visit to Astana, Kazakhstan to attend SCO Summit । India to be admitted as full member of SCO during the Summit । India signed Paris climate pact for its commitment towards protecting the environment, says EAM Sushma Swaraj । The EAM said this during MEA’s annual conference in New Delhi June 5 । It did not sign the pact of any greed or fear from any country: EAM । Ms Swaraj was rebutting US President Trump’s allegation saying India signed the deal to receive billions of foreign aid । India successfully launches communication satellite GSAT 19 June 5 । The heaviest ever rocket GSLV Mk III carrying GSAT 19 lifted off from SDSC (SHAR) Sriharikota । Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and UAE cut diplomatic ties to Qatar । The 4 Gulf nations took the step following Qatar’s relations with Iran and support of Islamist groups। They also cut off its land, sea and air routes to the outside world । Libya, Yemen also joined the four Arab nations in snapping ties with Qatar । India, Russia sign pact for two nuclear power units at Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu । INS Kalvari, the Indian Navy’s first Scorpene class submarine, will be battle ready from Day One, French collaborator DCNS announced June 1 । Kalvari, meaning shark, will be commissioned in July । Kalvari is the first of the six modern submarines ordered by the Indian Navy । Indian Navy is looking at 200 ships and 400 aircraft, all with hitech systems । Vice Adm Karambir Singh also told a seminar on Future Indian Navy that poor quality systems are not acceptable । Indian shipyards are building 40 ships at present । PM Modi reaches St. Petersburg in the 3rd leg of his 4-nation visit । He is to participate in 18th India Russia Annual Summit and SPIEF 2017 । India, Spain sign 7 agreements including one each on Cyber Security and Civil Aviation । Naval Chief Adm Sunil Lanba calls for cutting edge technologies with a Made in India stamp । Addressing a seminar on Building India’s Future Navy, he said ToT from foreign vendors would be say now with Strategic Partnership model । Adm Lanba said selection process for shipboard fighter is moving at desired pace and they should be inducted in about 5 years । About 80 killed, several injured in a bomb blast near Indian embassy in Kabul । Indian embassy staff were safe: MEA । PM reached Madrid on the second leg of his tour for a day- long visit to Spain May 31 । India, Germany sign 11 MoUs including one on Cyber Security । MoUs signed during Prime Minister Modi’s 2-day Germany visit on May 29-30 । We are made for each-other, says PM Modi on India-Germany ties । The Prime Minister is on 4-nation tour of Germany, Spain, Russia and France from May 29-June 3 । India’s distinguished police officer, Mr KPS Gill passed away at 82 । Hassan Rouhani re-elected Iranian President । Prime Minister Modi congratulated him on his re-election । India, Palestine sign 5 MoUs including one on visa exemption for diplomatic passport holder । Agreements were signed after Prime Minister Modi’s meeting with President Abbas May 16 । Palestine President Mahmoud Abbas is on 4-day State visit to India beginning May 14 । Abbas is visiting India on the invitation of President Pranab Mukherjee । This is the fifth visit and the third State visit of President Abbas to India । Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrives in Colombo May 11 on his two-day visit to Sri Lanka । He was received by his Sri Lankan counterpart Ranil Wickramsinghe on his arrival at the Colombo airport । PM Modi is the chief guest at the International Vesak Day celebrations of Sri Lanka । India marks 19th National Technology Day । National Technology Day is marked to commemorate the anniversary of Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998 । On this day, Prime Minister Modi hails the then PM Vajpayee’s courage to conduct the nuclear tests । India launches GSAT-9 satetllite from Sriharikota । India to make Israeli rifles and small arms । Punj Lloyd and Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) collaborating in the venture । Trump to visit Israel and Saudi Arabia this month । This will be his first foreign visit as US President । India, Turkey signed three agreements including one between the Foreign Services Institute of India and the Diplomacy Academy of Turkey । Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdogan calls on President Mukherjee, Vice President Ansari, PM Modi and EAM Sushma Swaraj during his State visit to India । The Turkish President, visiting from April 30-May 1, backs India in fight against terrorism । Turkey conveyed its support for India’s bid for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) । PM Modi expressed his gratitude on Turkey’s support । Indian Army celebrates 79th Armour Day । On 1 May 1938, Scinde Horse cavalry regiment was equipped with Vickers tanks and Chevrolet armoire cars । The Indian Army’s Armourerd Corps has played decisive role against Pakistani intruders in 1947, 1965 and 1971। India, Cyprus sign 4 agreements including one on Air Service Agreement । Agreements signed during Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades’s visit to India April 28 । Cyprus President called on President Mukherjee, Prime Minister Modi and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj in New Delhi । The visiting President and PM Modi agreed on urgent need for all countries to decisively act against the states supporting factories of terrorism । PM Modi also thanked the Cyprus President for his support to India’s claim of Permanent Membership in UNSC । North Korea test fires a ballistic missile which landed in the Sea of Japan । India, Sri Lanka ink pacts on economic cooperation and road infrastructure development । The agreements signed during Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe’s visit to India । Prime Minister Modi, Home Minister Rajnath Singh and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj called on him । Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar accompanied Sushma Swaraj when the latter called on the visiting Sri Lankan PM । India-Russia defence engagement will continue to grow, says Defence Minister Arun Jaitley । He was speaking at the 6th Moscow Conference on International Security in Moscow । India, Russia are celebrating 70 years of Diplomatic Relationship । China launches its first indigenous aircraft carrier । The new carrier will accommodate 36 aircraft and will be commissioned in 2020 after sea trials । It’s a 50000 ton platform with a ski jump deck modeled on Soviet carriers but has many design innovations । India, South Korea Sign Inter-Governmental MoU for Defence Industry Co-Operation in Shipbuilding । The MoU signed by Secretary (Defence Production), India, Ashok Kumar Gupta and Minister of Defence Acquisition and Programme Administration (DAPA), South Korea, Chang Myoung-Jin । The Inter-Governmental MoU was conceived under the overall umbrella of the ‘Special Strategic Partnership’ between both countries । The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) accorded its approval for signing the MoU । The CCS also gave a go ahead for nominating Hindustan Shipyard Ltd, Visakhapatnam for collaboration । Indian Navy successfully test-fires land attack version of Brahmos supersonic cruise missile । Nepal President Bidya Devi Bhandari calls on President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Home Minister and Defence Minister in New Delhi Apr 18 । Nepalese President is on a State visit to India April 17-21 । This is her first ever visit to India since taking over in 2015 । She was given a ceremonial Guard of Honour on her arrival at Rashtrapati Bhawan । Canada’s Minister of National Defence, Harjit Singh Sajjan, called on Defence Minister Arun Jaitley Tuesday । He was presented a Tri-Services Guard of Honour on his arrival at South Block । 12 killed in Saudi military helicopter in Yemen । Unconfined reports say the Blackhawk was accidentally shot down by a Saudi Patriot missile। US NSA Gen HR McMaster meets Prime Minister Modi in New Delhi । Gen McMaster also exchanged views on Indo-US relations with Indian counterpart Ajit Doval and Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar । Happy Easter । US drops its biggest 21,000 pound bomb on ISIS in Afghanistan April 13 । Designated GBU 43, the Mother of All Bombs is designed to hit deep caves and tunnels in hardy mountains । GBU 43 is the biggest non-nuclear bomb, carried by the US Air Force (USAF) and the British Royal Air Force (RAF) । White House Press Secretyary Sean Spricer confirmed the night bombing but there was no immediate word from Taliban । Spicer said the ISIS terroists were targeted as they used the caves and tunnels to hit the US forces । GBU 43 is a concussion bomb carrying an explosive charge of 8,500 kg, equal to 11 tons of TNT । India, Australia sign 6 MoUs including on Combating Terrorism and Civil Aviation Security । Agreements signed during Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull’s Visit to India April 10 । He calls on President Pranab Mukherjee, Vice President Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Narendra Modi । This is the first ever visit of Turnbull after taking over as Australian PM in 2015 । The Australian PM along with his Indian counterpart took a Delhi metro ride to visit city-based Akshardham Temple । India, Bangladesh signed 22 agreements April 8 including key pacts on defence cooperation and civil nuclear cooperation । India announced an additional $4.5-billion concessional line of credit for infrastructure projects in Bangladesh, and another $500 million for Dhaka to procure defence equipment from New Delhi । A joint India-Bangladesh event saw both PMs honour the 1,661 Indian soldiers who sacrificed their lives during the 1971 war for Bangladesh’s independence । Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina arrives in New Delhi for 4-day State visit to India । Prime Minister Modi himself goes to the airport to greet the Bangladesh PM on her arrival । External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj calls on Sheikh Hasina at Rashtrapati Bhawan । She is the special guest of President Pranab Mukherjee during her State visit to India । The Bangladesh PM has a full day of bilateral discussions with her Indian counterpart on Saturday (April 8) । 20 agreements are expected to be signed between India and Bangladesh । India, Malaysia sign 7 agreements । The agreements signed during Malaysian PM Najib Razak’s visit to India from March 30 to April 4 । Malaysian PM calls on President Pranab Mukherjee, Vice President Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Narendra Modi । India and Malaysia joint statement, issued after Modi, Razak meeting, calls for a deeper ties between the two nations ।
June 22, 2017
Follow us on

Indigenisation a Key to Building Indian Air Force, says Air Chief Dhanoa

February 2017
 

. New Delhi.The Indian Air Force (IAF) will build combat capabilities in the coming years through both new inductions and upgrades but “with a special focus on indigenisation and self-reliance.” Stating this, the new Chief of Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa, told India Strategic in an interview on the eve of Aero India 2017 that IAF had plans to increase its present strength of 33 combat squadrons to the sanctioned level of 42, and there was a roadmap in place. “Our key result areas in future will be to continue building up combat capabilities through new inductions and upgrades that will give us an edge over our adversaries with a special focus on indigenisation and self-reliance.”

Neelu Khatri - Honeywell

Team India Strategic congratulated him on his assumption of office as CAS and soughthis comments on various aspects of the transformational phase the IAF is going through. Here are his answers, in excerpts, being published in our Show Dailies during the Air Show. Today’s focus is on IAF’s perspective for modernisation and technology induction for fighter aircraft, in response to our first question.

Chief: I extend my heartfelt gratitude to you for your kind words on my taking over as CAS. I take this opportunity to congratulate you and your team for the stellar standards of journalism displayed in your publications. In the last decade we have witnessed substantial advancement of technology in areas of defence equipment. The major challenge of the present era is to ensure that the equipment being operated by us remains contemporary and we are able to maintain technological asymmetry with respect of our adversaries. Therefore, our modernisation plans are based not only on induction of state-of-art equipment but to continuously upgrade existing platforms to maintain their operational relevance.

In the present global economic environment, pursuing desired modernisation plans while maintaining within the contours of defence outlay is a challenge even to the most advanced countries. Our key result areas in future will be to continue building up combat capabilities through new inductions and upgrades that will give us an edge over our adversaries with a special focus on indigenisation and self-reliance.

India Strategic: Your comments please on the Fighters strength.

Chief: At present IAF has 33 fighter squadrons against a requirement of 42 squadrons. Proactive steps are been taken to arrest the drawdown of fighter aircraft strength and build up to the authorised strength in the earliest time frame. Towards this, the planned induction includes six squadrons of Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) and two each of Rafale and Su-30 MKI. Further, the Government is preparing a roadmap for manufacturing of fighter aircraft with a strategic partner through the Make in India process. All these initiatives will give an impetus to indigenisation. Apart from the new inductions, IAF is also undertaking comprehensive modernisation of its Fighter Fleets. Mirage 2000, Jaguar and MiG-29 aircraft to ensure that aircraft maintain their contemporary edge over those of our adversaries.

India Strategic: Any plans to advance the induction of Rafale, already committed with France?

Chief: At present there are no plans to advance the delivery schedule or lease Rafale aircraft from the French Air Force.

India Strategic: Your predecessor had mentioned in his farewell press conference that IAF needs at least 200 to 250 Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCAs).

Chief: The future requirement of fighter aircraft projected by the IAF is to ensure that we maintain an optimum ratio of Light, Medium and Heavy class of combat aircraft. The Government is preparing a roadmap for induction of fighter aircraft in the IAF. All future inductions in IAF will be in accordance with this roadmap. If all proposed inductions fructify as planned, than we would attain the desired strength. The roadmap will also ensure there is a steady enhancement of fighter fleet, both in terms of strength and capability.

dhanoa-mig-21_650x400_71484248622

India Strategic: Your comments on contemporary technologies, and possible col laborative ventures with global manufacturers.

Chief: Talking purely in terms of technology, it is obvious that the operational capabilities of platforms planned to be inducted in future will be contemporary. The selection of platform to be manufactured through the Make in India route is to include range and depth of transfer of technology on offer by the Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). By way of Make in India fighter programme, we are planning to infuse technology in our Aerospace sector and develop as well as sustain an ecosystem of SMEs & MSMEs involved in manufacturing of defence equipment in India. The programme, through a strategic partner, will also assist in ensuring development of next generation indigenous Fighter aircraft. Our Government is finalising the policy on ‘strategic partnership’ and process for selecting a suitable platform will commence thereafter.

India Strategic: Update on the LCA Mk I/IA and Mk II programme?

Chief: Induction of aircraft for first squadron of LCA is under progress. These aircraft are being inducted with Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) standards. It will take some time for us to fully exploit this aircraft operationally; however, initial feedback about the aircraft is encouraging and LCA will add to the combat potential of IAF. Further, in order to meet the urgent operational requirements, IAF has expressed that LCA Mk-1A aircraft be equipped with additional capabilities such as Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar, Beyond Visual Range (BVR) missiles, Air to Air Refuelling (AAR) and Electronic Warfare (EW) suite. The Government has granted Acceptance of Necessity (AON) for procurement of 83 LCA Mk1A aircraft.

The focus this time is on Transport Aircraft. The Chief said that IAF is paying as much attention towards strengthening the Transport fleet as much to the Combat jets. Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa observed that the acquisition of C 17 Globemaster III and C130J SuperHercules had added to IAF’s strategic capability. Ten C-17 heavy lift transport aircraft and six other C-130 J30 special operations aircraft have already been inducted in IAF. Six more C-130 J30 aircraft will be inducted in the first half of 2017 and a case has been initiated for procurement of one more C-17 aircraft. About replacement of the long-pending replacement of IAF’s Avro fleet, the Chief sounded a hopeful note. Contract negotiations for 56 x C-295 aircraft to replace the ageing Avro fleet are likely to commence shortly.

On An-32 aircraft he said,

Their upgrade programme is currently under progress but indicated IAF will also work for their replacement in due course, adding that the Medium Transport Aircraft (MTA) programme for joint production with Russia “could not mature.” “The first lot of An-32 aircraft is due for phase out in 2023-24 and a suitable replacement will be considered at appropriate time. The agreement with Russia for MTA could not mature as their proposal did not meet some of the Air Staff Qualitative Requirements (ASQRs).”

Anout Helicopters, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said: IAF plans to induct additional Mi-17 V5 helicopters. Induction of Light Combat Helicopters(LCH) will commence after it attains Initial Operational Capability (IOC) and that Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) has been granted for induction of 10 Limited Series Production LCH (to HAL).

It may be noted that AoN is the first step towards Government approval for acquisition of a defence system. He also pointed out that an Inter-Governmental Agreement has been signed for the procurement of Ka-226 T helicopters for Indian Army and IAF (with Russia). These would be co-produced in a Joint Venture (JV) between the Russian companies and HAL under the Make-in-India programme. The delivery of Ka-226 helicopters produced in India will start four years post signing of the contract.

On Mig21 and Mig27 he said,

That after the phase out of the Mig 21 and Mig 27 aircraft, the entire combat fleet of the Indian Air Force will have midair refuelling capability. It is part of IAF’s Perspective Plan. But asked to comment on the withdrawal of RfP after it seemed certain that Airbus A330 MRTT had been selected, he told our Managing Editor Air Marshal VK Jimmy Bhatia that IAF “is exploring available options.” The Air Chief observed: “IAF was earlier pursuing the case for Flight Refueller Aircraft (FRA). However, after the withdrawal of RFP, we are exploring available options in order to ensure that this critical capability is available to us in least possible timeframe. Post phasing out of the MiG-21 and MiG-27 fleet, all fighter aircraft in IAF will have inflight refuelling capability.

“And our perspective plans caters for induction of sufficient Flight Refuelling Aircraft to support them.” In the comprehensive interview, the Chief replied to questions on air defence, unmanned systems, Offsets and Tot and Training Systems. Besides indigenous systems like Akash, the Services were working to acquire capability from Israel (Rafael) and Russia (Triumph 400). On Air Defence, the Air Chief said: IAF is carrying out a comprehensive modernisation of its Air Defence system. The new generation Air Defence radars such as Medium Power Radars (MPR), Rohini radars and Low Level Light Weight Radars (LLLWR) have been inducted.“The Low level Transportable Radars (LLTR) are in the process of induction. Two Aerostat systems were procured from M/s Rafael of Israel and inducted in IAF. Request for Information (RFI) has been sought for procurement of four additional Aerostat systems. While eight sqns of indigenous Akash missile system have already been inducted, a case for more sqns is also under process. “Procurement of Very Short Range Air defence Systems (VSHORADS) for IAF and India Army, under Buy & Make category, is being processed by the Army. The induction of SPYDER QRSAM and MRSAMs will commence shortly. “Also, The RFP for S-400 Triumph Air Defence System is under process.” Then, he added, Close In Weapon Systems (CIWS) are also planned to be inducted through the Make in India route.

tejas 2

Networking
On Networking, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said: “Apart from procurement of radars and weapon system, IAF is also networking all its Air Defence assets on a common grid through the Integrated Air Command and Control System (IACCS). IACCS is the backbone of IAFs Network Centric Warfare capability, which provides fused Air Situation Picture based on the inputs from a network of ground based sensors.

“Also, integration of AWACS and IACCS has mutually strengthened both detection and control capabilities and reduced sensor to shooter time.”

On Unmanned Systems, the Air Chief observed that IAF needs both High Altitude and Medium Altitude Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPAs).

He said: IAF has a requirement of High AltitudeLong Endurance (HALE) and Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) class of RPAs along with requirement of Combat UAVs/ armed RPAs. “We are processing a case for procurement of MALE UAVs from Indian companies through the Make in India route. The RPAs, or Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAVs), are proposed to be developed and manufactured by the Indian industry under an appropriate category of the DPP like Buy & Make (Indian). “Besides, IAF is in the process of upgrading its existing UAV fleet by procuring a number of modern systems like Satellite Communication, IFF, TCAS, Remote Video Terminal (RVT), Radio Relay, Automatic Take-off and Landing (ATOL) and Wide Eye Image Mosaic king system etc.

“Rustom-2, an indigenous MALE RPA being developed by DRDO, has recently carried out its maiden flight and is planned to be inducted in the IAF. We are also actively participating in design and development of Ghatak, an indigenous Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV). “Other options will be considered only if we are not able to acquire these capabilities from indigenous sources in an expected timeframe.”

As for Make in India, now a mandated policy of the Government, and implied ToT, Air Chief Marshal Dhanoa said:

Indigenisation is one of the main focus areas of IAF. “We have always encouraged development of indigenous defence production capability and capacities. It is our endeavour that we attain self sufficiency in Aerospace sector through a focused, sustained and evolved Indigenisation programme. IAF firmly believes that indigenisation provides flexibility by reducing dependence on external agencies. IAF has been a catalyst in ensuring that critical technologies are developed in the country and has been on the forefront for encouraging large scale production of defence equipment in our country. “However, there are some areas wherein the indigenous technology has not yet fully matured.

In such cases, we have been trying to obtain key technologies through private industries. Cases like Avro Replacement, Ka-226T Helicopters, Proposed Make in India Fighter aircraft, Close in Weapon System etc. have been initiated by IAF with these objectives in mind.

“These initiatives will also enhance the defence research and development base of the country.” “We are committed to ensure that our reliance on foreign manufactured defence equipment is continuously reduced and our country soon becomes an exporter of High Technology military systems. Global tenders are sought only for equipment that cannot be manufactured in India in the required time frame. In such cases offset is sought to ensure that certain technology could either be transferred or a part of equipment can be manufactured in country. Further, the DPP-2016 includes several initiatives to encourage local research and development and increase in indigenous content in defence procurement. The ‘Make’ procedure of DPP-2016 seeks to address the multiple objectives of self-reliance, wider participation of Indian industry, provide an impetus to MSME sector, and timely induction of equipment
into the Indian Armed Forces.

On Training Aircraft:

Chief: “The IJT has encountered design problems with respect to safe execution of manoeuvres
such as ‘Stall’ and ‘Spin’. Since the timeline for induction of IJT has been delayed inordinately we recommended the foreclosure of the case and the same has been accepted by DDP. IAF conducts a three stage ab-initio pilot training on PC-7 Mk-II, Kiran MkI/ IA and Hawk 132 aircraft for induction in Fighter stream. With the phasing out of Kiran Mk I/ IA the second state of pilot training would also be conducted on PC-7 Mk-II as an interim measure until the induction of an intermediate jet trainer. “Additional Pilatus and Hawk aircraft are being procured under options clause. “IAF plans to induct the indigenous HTT-40 basic trainer aircraft after completion of its design and development.

Our last question was: Your message for the IAF officers!

Chief: As Air Warriors of IAF, we take immense pride in our impeccable professional capabilities.
We will deliver our duties and responsibilities to the nation everywhere, anytime and on time.

That’s it

Email*

SPOTLIGHT

dgmo

Indian Army Strikes Terrorist Camps in POK

New Delhi. India struck seven terrorists camps in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir on September 28, ten...

spotlight4

India Successfully Launches 20 Satellites in Single Flight

Sriharikota/New Delhi. In its 36th flight ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C34 successfully launched the...

UPCOMING EVENTS

Defcom_India_2017
IMS logo
homeland_logo_109x75

Our Archive