British Prime Minister David Cameron resigns | Theresa May takes over as new UK PM | May becomes second British woman PM after Margaret Thatcher | Cameron announced resignation following Brexit, a referendum for UK's exit from EU June 23 | International Tribunal demolishes China's claims over South China Sea | Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague says China has no legal basis to claim regional waters and build islets | The Tribunal also held China guilty of damaging coral reefs and natural environment | China has border maritime problems with all its neighbours | China rejected the decision, saying it is invalid and has no binding force | India, Tanzania agree to deepen overall defence and security partnership, especially in the maritime domain | Both nations agreed to work closely, bilaterally, regionally and globally to combat twin threats of terrorism, climate change | Prime Minister visiting Tanzania in the last leg of his visit to 4 African nations July 7-11 | Boeing, Mahindra Defence open C-17 Training Centre for IAF | Terrorism is the gravest security threat facing the world today, says PM Modi during Mozambique visit | Terrorism impacts India and Mozambique equally | NASA spacecraft Juno reaches Jupiter | Juno crossed violent radiation and flew 130,000 miles/hour | Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system | Juno should be in Jpiter orbit for 20 months to send data | The $1.1 billion Juno mission took five years to reach Jupiter | LCA 'Tejas' joins Indian Air Force | Tejas is an indigenously-built Light Combat Aircraft | The single-seat, single-engine, multi-role light fighter is designed by ADA and manufactured by HAL | India test-fires new surface-to-air missile from a defence base in Balasore off Odisha coast | The new missile is jointly developed by India and Israel | Abdul Majeed Al Khoori appointed Acting CEO of the Abu Dhabi Airports | Eng. Mohamed Mubarak Al Mazrouei becomes Advisor to the Abu Dhabi Airports Chairman | Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar hands over 'Varunastra' to Indian Navy | Varunastra is an advanced heavyweight anti-submarine torpedo | It is indigenously designed, developed and manufactured by DRDO | India officially joins Missile Technology Control Regime | With this India becomes 35th member of the MTCR | Indian Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar signed the document of accession into MTCR in Seoul June 27 | The document was signed in presence of Ambassadors of France, the Netherlands and Luxembourg - the Chair and two co-chairs of the Regime | India had applied for the membership in 2015 | India finalises deal for 145 BAE Systems M777 artillery guns | This is Indian Army's first artillery deal in 30 years | Britain votes to leave EU, Pound crashes | 52 per cent voted Leave and 48 Remain in historic referendum | British Prime Minister David Cameron announces to resign before October over UK's exit | Leave process will take about two years though | Markets hit worldwide, including in India | China scuttles India's NSG bid | India joins SCO | India, apart from Pakistan, was admitted as full member of SCO during its Ufa Summit in July 2015 | After completing certain procedures, India now technically entered into SCO | India had an observer status for past 10 years prior to entering into six member regional bloc | No consensus on India's membership in NSG | China and five other countries oppose India's entry as New Delhi has not signed NPT | China insists Pakistan must also enter NSG if India's application is accepted | Pakistan is China's only military ally and is also known as a nuclear, missile and terror proliferator (NMTP) | Indian Space Agency ISRO successfully launches 20 satellites in one rocket | This is the biggest launch in ISRO's history | The satellites were launched onboard PSLV C-34 from SDSC (SHAR) Sriharikota | PSLV C-34 was carrying 17 satellites from US, Canada, Germany, Indonesia and 3 from India | Government of India approves 100% FDI in defence and civil aviation sectors | In defence, foreign investment beyond 49% (and up to 100%) permitted through the government approval route | This is in cases of access to modern technology in the country | For aviation, the government allowed 100% FDI in India-based airlines | The decision on FDI reforms taken at a high-level meeting chaired by Prime Minister Modi | India confident of getting into NSG, says External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj | India is working with China to win support | India will not oppose any country's membership proposal, EAM told a news conference |

DRDO fires on towards MIRV capability

By Gulshan Luthra Published: April 2013

New Delhi. India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is firing on in several directions with work at hand involving MIRVs (Multiple Independently Targetable Reentry Vehicles) and improvements in missiles, aircraft, tanks and artillery.


DRDO Director General and Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister Dr VK Saraswat told India Strategic that in terms of range, the Indian scientists had achieved whatever was assigned by the Government (about 5,000 km) but the effort was now to develop the MIRV capability. “The building blocks from boosters to radars, seekers and sophisticated mission control centres are there.

” Dr Saraswat, who has just been awarded the country’s one of the highest achievement awards, the Padma Bhushan, said that DRDO had been able to develop key RF (Radio Frequency) seeker technologies for missiles in cooperation with Russia, and that in the last missile test, the seeker used was made in India. Digital processing in any case is based on DRDO’s own software.

Without the seekers, a missile would be an aimless vehicle.

The RF and IR (Infra Red) seekers are meant for proximity and precision engagement of targets, and both these technologies are required for the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) capability as well as all kinds of missiles. He did not give details but said that India was working on some seeker technologies with other countries also.

“Today, we are able to design and develop RF seekers, and in about a year or so, we will be independent in this key technology,” Dr Saraswat said in an interview with India Strategic.

As for an ABM shield, he said that DRDO had conducted four endo-atmospheric (within the atmosphere) and two exo-atmospheric (outside the atmosphere) missile interception tests and that all these six had been successful. “We certainly need more tests but we can say we have been successful in developing this capability.”

The last one, designated Advanced Air Defence (AAD) interceptor missile, and fired on November 23, was in fact a hit-to-kill test.

So far, DRDO has mostly been working on proximity, near-miss or zero-miss acquisition of targets. With these systems, an ABM missile blows itself within a few meters of the targets – less than 9 meters. From now on, the effort is to develop the hit-to-kill capability by directly impacting hostile targets.

DRDO is working on Long Range and Medium Range missiles with Israel and for Short Range missiles with France.

But Dr Gupta pointed out that India was not working on an ASAT (Anti- Satellite) missile.

On radars, he disclosed that India had initially worked with the Israelis to acquire some technology and skills, but now, DRDO had made-in-India long range radars which can discern between aircraft, missiles and other flying objects. The ABM shield being developed has overlapping radar coverage as one cannot “allow any corridors for a missile to slip in.”

He said that DRDO is a technology developer and essentially, it is up to the industry – public and private – to build systems for the users, that is the armed forces.

For instance, after supplying 119 Arjun Mark-I tanks – the order initially was for 124 – DRDO is now developing the Arjun Mark-II, and nearly 80 percent of the improvements/changes sought by the Indian Army had already been incorporated. Work on the remaining features is underway and this summer, there would be trials to satisfy the user requirements.

The Arjun Mark-I has already outperformed the T-90, and the Mark-II would have enhanced night fighting capabilities with advanced equipment for the gunner, driver and commander. There will be better rough terrain and amphibious (fording) mobility, better surveillance and firing capability as well as increased protection.

An agreement is in place with the Army for another lot of 118 – or two regiments – of Arjun Mark II tanks. The Mark-II has a better 120 mm gun, capable of firing anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs).

DRDO was examining offers from Israel and Belarus for the new ATGMs. As for aircraft, Dr Saraswat said that he expected the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas to get the Final Operational Clearance (FOC) in 2014, and Initial Operational Clearance (IOC) within 2013. The aircraft is designed by DRDO’s Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and is to be manufactured by HAL as a 4-plus generation aircraft.

Effort is also on to further develop Rustam, DRDO’s unmanned aerial vehicle. The Indian Air Force (IAF) is keen for an armed version, or UCAV (Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle).

Dr Saraswat said that DRDO was in talks with US Boeing for a transonic wind tunnel for supersonic aircraft testing. If the agreement comes through, it will help in easing the queuing problems in testing various systems.

The tunnel is being offered as part of offsets for Boeing aircraft that India is buying.

India has only one wind tunnel, a trisonic one, at the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) in Bangalore. Set up by NAL’s first director Dr P Nilakantan, it was commissioned in 1967, and is among the most-used facility of its kind in the world.

DRDO is also working on Artificial Intelligence and robotics. But that would take time. Nonetheless, he observed that in the coming decades, swarms of armed drones would be independently capable of doing big battles by themselves, and without any guidance or commands from their mission control centres.

The emphasis right now is to meet the immediate and foreseeable requirements of the Indian armed forces. “We give them inputs, take some inputs, discuss with them, and then plan what needs to be done,” Dr Saraswat said, adding: “We do have a DRDO Vision 2050 document” but DRDO makes its strategy based on the Long Term Integrated Perspective Plans of the armed forces.

  © India Strategic  
Top Stories
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Chairs Inter-State Council Meeting
Indian Warships Visit Port Kelang, Malaysia
Japanese Defense Minister Calls on Manohar Parrikar
DRDO Embarks Major Success in Advanced Artillery Gun System
Army Chief Extends Invitation to Australian Special Forces to Train with India
Mhadei Returns after Successful Completion of All Women Expedition
Ex MEGH PRAHAR: A Demonstration on Opposed River Crossing
Aerospace & Defence Executives Hunting down Growth but not at Any Cost, Says KPMG Survey
INS India Celebrates Platinum Jubilee
Indian Navy Commissions INS Karna
Boeing, Mahindra Defence Systems Open C-17 Training Centre for Indian Air Force
Slowly Indian Armed Forces Will See Larger Participation of Women, says Parrikar
Interview: Morocco Could be Hub for Indian Trade to Africa and Europe
FDI Reforms in the Defence Sector: A Fresh Round
Indian Army set to acquire Artillery Guns, Finally
Indian Armed Forces: Pace of Military Modernisation
IAF Inducts Indigenous Tejas Light Combat Aircraft
Made-in-India Jet Fighter: Big Step in Weapons Self-reliance
INS Satpura Reaches Hawaii, US for Exercise RIMPAC 2016
India-Israel MRSAM Successfully Test Fired
 Home | Contact Us| In the Press| Links| Downloads
© 2008-14, India Strategic. All rights reserved.